First United Methodist Church School
(First United Methodist Church)
East elevation, looking northwest/July 2006
This three-story, Modern school building borrows key elements from the architectural vocabulary of the International Style. Rectangular in plan, the building is capped by a flat roof with shallow eaves. Scored stucco and red brick veneer sheathe the building's exteriors. The property's overall horizontality is emphasized by the steel-framed ribbon windows that punctuate the majority of the building's primary (east) elevation and by the shallow canopies that shade the window bands from the sun. Full-height, brick-covered piers segment the facade into three distinct bays. The windowless southernmost bay features stucco sheathing scored in a grid pattern. The building's center bay contains the main entrance, which is flanked by brick piers, and consists of a pair of glazed metal-framed double-doors topped by transoms. A raised red brick planter fronting ground floor fenestration extends from the north side of the main entrance to the north end of the facade. Landscaping of grassy lawns and low shrubs surround the building, which is accessed via concrete paths from the sidewalk. The school building appears original with no visible alterations.
Not for Publication
USGS 7.5' Quad
1/4 of 1/4 of Sec ;
1008 11TH ST
SANTA MONICA CA, 90403
HP15 Educational Building
Element of District
Date Constructed/Age and Sources
1954 (Factual) Building Permit
Owner and Address
FIRST UNITED METHODIST CHURCH OFSANTA MONICA CALIF
1008 11TH ST
SANTA MONICA CA, 904030000
(June 1, 2006)
Jan Ostashay, Peter Moruzzi
PCR Services, Inc.
One Venture, Suite 150
Irvine, CA 92618
Santa Monica Citywide Historic Resources Inventory Update Final Report, prepared for City of Santa Monica by ICF Intl, 2010
Building, Structure, and Object Record
Linear Feature Record
Milling Station Record
Rock Art Record
Building, Structure, & Object Record
This is an excellent example of a Modern educational building from the mid-1950s that combines key elements of the International Style, such as a flat roof, horizontal window bands, and steel framed casements, with warmer vernacular materials such as red brick. In the post-World War II period in America through the 1960s, the Modern Movement dominated architecture with the International Style being its highest philosophical and stylistic expression. The International Style, which originated in 1920s-era Europe, was identified by its rectilinear form, flat roofs, open floor plans, use of steel and glass, and lack of applied ornamentation. In contrast, vernacular Modern design, while based on International Style precepts, was generally less formal in its architectural expression, incorporating a wider variety of materials, forms, and spatial arrangements. As noted, the subject property is International Style in its overall design, tempered by the use of brick veneer as a vernacular touch.
Designed by architect Kenneth N. Lind (1909-1975), the Methodist school building’s design complements the church property’s other structures including the sanctuary, social hall, and Sunday school that were also designed by Lind earlier in the decade. Lind, who resided in Santa Monica but whose office was located in Los Angeles, received his architectural degree from the University of Illinois in 1934. He was a partner with architect Charles Luckman from 1939-42, organizing his own firm in 1944. Lind received Progressive Architecture magazine’s National Design Award in 1947 and 1948, and AIA awards in 1951 and 1954. Additionally, his work was featured in a number of other architectural magazines during this time period.
(Continued on page 3)
Kenneth N. Lind
1954: Constructed for First Methodist Church by architect Kenneth N. Lind and general contractor Herbert Goldsworthy.
HP15 Educational Building
Santa Monica City Building Permits; Los Angeles County Tax Assessor Records; Sanborn Maps; Santa Monica Public Library Collections: Gebhard, David and Robert Winter 'Los Angeles: An Architectural Guide;' McAlester, Virginia and Lee 'A Field Guide to American Houses.'