Sustainable City Progress Report
|Per Capita Crime Rate
2003 - 2009
|Incidence of Hate Crime
2000 - 2009
|Comparative Crime Rates
Crime rate per capita – by neighborhood and by type (property, violent, hate)
This indicator looks at crime rate per capita for given types of crime (property, violent and hate) for the city overall. The target is naturally to have a downward trend in crime rate. In future, we hope to report this information by neighborhood, reporting district, in addition to the citywide information currently available.
During 2009, violent crime
was up down to the lowest level per capita since tracking this indicator.
Stated another way, during 2009, there was roughly one violent crime per year
for every 228 Santa Monica residents.
Property crime rose 12.5% from 2007 to 2009. Property Crime per
capita dropped 3.6% to 3.4% this year. That represents approximately one
property crime annually for every 28 residents in 2009.
Reported hate crime in Santa Monica was 5 in 2000, rose to 29 in 2001 and since
has remained low at 3 in 2009.
Violent and Property Crime
Santa Monica’s violent crime rate per 100,000 population exceeds that of all the larger jurisdictions with which it is geographically contiguous except the City of Los Angeles. Santa Monica’s property crime rate per 100,000 population exceeds all its larger jurisdictions.
|Crime Rate per 100,000 Population
|Crime continues its downward
trend nationally and statewide since 2006. The U.S. and California
violent crime rate dropped between 3% and 4%. Santa Monica’s violent
crime dropped dramatically during that time, 25%. A similar trend between
2007 and 2009 occurred regarding property crime: the national property crime
rate dropped 2%, statewide 4% and in Santa Monica, 20%.
Hate crimes are not
separate, distinct crimes, but rather traditional offenses motivated by the offender’s
bias. Hate crime data are collected by capturing additional information about
violent and property crime already reported.
Santa Monica reported a six-fold spike in anti-Islamic hate crime following
9/11 than the corresponding increase in hate crime experienced on the state and
national level during that time period. It’s possible that Santa
Monica applied more stringent standards than other cities and jurisdictions for
the classification of a given crime as a hate crime during that period. If
that’s true, the spike may reflecting a reporting anomaly rather than an actual
substantial change in frequency of hate crimes. In any event, hate crime
returned to its 2000 levels in 2002.
The hate crime level has risen lately, increasing from 1 to 3 occurrences
between 2007 and 2009.
The city began developing
its comprehensive gang prevention strategy in 2003, when the City Council
selected as one of its three Community Priorities to “Enhance the quality of
life, safety, and community involvement of residents of the Pico neighborhood.”
In doing so, the city committed significant resources to develop services that
involve residents, businesses, nonprofit organizations, government agencies,
and religious and cultural institutions. As a part of that effort, the Santa
Monica Police Department began classifying crime as gang-related. In 2009,
the Part I, or more serious, crimes found to have been gang-related dropped 18
to 27 in 2007, a 33% improvement.
Neighborhood Resource Officer Program
In January 2008, the Police Department implemented the Neighborhood Resource Officer Program , a way to link the public and the police, to have one officer responsible to those who live, work or visit a given beat area. New patrol beats went into effect in January 2008, and are aligned for a more efficient patrol pattern. The new beat design includes linking merchant groups and neighborhood organizations within the same patrol beat boundaries. This new program should facilitate reporting on a neighborhood basis going forward.
The federal Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program divides offenses into two groups, Part I and Part II crimes. Each month, participating law enforcement agencies submit information on the number of Part I offenses reported; those offenses cleared by arrest or exceptional means; and the age, sex, and race of persons arrested for each of the offenses. Contributors provide only arrest data for Part II offenses. “Part II” crimes include embezzlement, fraud and identify theft are not reported in this indicator, since, as stated above, they only get reported when an arrest is made. The classification of crimes as violent or property crimes aligns with UCR definitions and is summarized in the chart below. Please review the FBI website on the topic for more detailed crime definitions.
||Burglary (Entering a structure, with or without force, to commit a felony)
||Larceny Theft (Taking an object, which is not in a structure)
|Robbery (Taking something of value by force from a person)
||Motor Vehicle Theft
|Aggravated Assault (Attack intended to inflict harm, often using a weapon)
View source material in Excel: HD4_CrimeRate.xls
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Last updated: Thursday, 09/09/2010